Dağlık Karabağ Çatışmasındaki Yaptırım Mantığı ve Etkileri Üzerine Analitik Bir Değerlendirme

Ayla AKDOĞAN

Özet


Uluslararası aktörlerin savaşlarda ve çatışmalardaki rolü son yıllarda dikkat çekmektedir. Konuya ilişkin yapılan çalışmalarda savaşları önlemek ya da onları sonlandırmak için neler yapılabileceği konusuna özel bir önem verilmiştir. Kullanılan araçlar çatışmaya ve ülkeye göre farklılık göstermektedir. Haiti ve Kongo vakalarında olduğu gibi uluslararası aktörler bazen çatışmalara doğrudan müdahale etmektedirler. Diğer çatışmalarda, uluslararası aktörler ekonomik yaptırımlar gibi diğer araçlara başvurmaktadırlar. Bu çalışmada, uluslararası aktörlerin tek taraflı kuvvet kullanımı üzerindeki etkisini ortaya koymaktır. Bu bağlamda çalışmada, Dağlık Karabağ çatışmasındaki girişimleri nedeniyle önem arz eden Birleşmiş Milletler ile Avrupa Güvenlik ve İşbirliği Teşkilatı’nın kararları, çözümleri, önerileri ve önlemleri çatışmanın seyrine eklenerek üçüncü tarafların girişimlerinin çatışmada kullanılmakta olan şiddet eylemleri üzerinde nasıl bir etkisi olduğu zaman serisi ile değerlendirilmiştir. Analizler sonucunda, aktörlerin girişimlerinin çatışmada başvurulan tek taraflı kuvvet kullanımı eylemi üzerinde etkisiz kaldığı ortaya çıkmıştır.

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